Prevalence and pattern of hand eczema in a tertiary referral hospital of Nepal

  • Rushma Shrestha Department of Dermatology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • Anupama Karki Department of Dermatology, National Academy of Medical Sciences, Bir Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal
Keywords: Hand Eczema, Itch, Spongiosis

Abstract

Background
Hand eczema is a very common condition that has a significant effect on an individual’s life in terms of daily functioning including various occupations. Studies show that the point prevalence of hand eczema is around 4% and the lifetime prevalence is 15%.

Objective
The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and pattern of hand eczemas in patients attending the Dermatology outpatient department of Bir hospital.

Materials and methods
This is a retrospective study, where all the cases of hand eczema who presented to the Dermatology Out-Patient Department of Bir Hospital during the period from Baisakh 2075 till Chaitra 2075 B.S were recorded.

Results
Eczema was diagnosed in 5,100 new cases (15.74%) and among them, hand eczema was seen in 494 cases, which accounts for 9.68% of all eczemas. The mean age was 37.43 years. Out of all the hand eczemas recorded, 334 (67.6%) were unspecified hand eczemas, pompholyx was seen in 92 (18.6%) cases, chronic hand eczema in 27 (5.5%), contact dermatitis in 20 (4%) patients and finger tip eczema was seen in 15 (3%) cases.

Conclusion
Hand eczema is one of the common dermatological conditions. Our study showed the prevalence of hand eczema to be 9.68%.

Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Shrestha, R., & Karki, A. (2019). Prevalence and pattern of hand eczema in a tertiary referral hospital of Nepal. Grande Medical Journal, 1(2), 130-133. Retrieved from http://journal.grandehospital.com/index.php/GMJ/article/view/35
Section
Census/ Epidemiology